~~~All that is essential for the triumph of evil is that good people do nothing~~~
Chiefmen Wat Bailey --father to Mary Bailey,
George Skipper - Mary Bailey
Chiefmen George Skipper - ?.
Barnabus Skipper-- ?.
Skipper--- unknown Quick
Arthur Skipper---Nancy Odom.
Silas Skipper -- Ann ?
Benjamin F. Skipper-- Fanny Bridges.
Bell Skipper -- William Bassett.
Charles Bassett -- Wanda Ruth Parkson.
Cheryl Bassett -- Douglas Iseminger.
These same The principal members of the Nottoway and living in present-day Southampton County
in 1750 ~~ Sam, Frank, Jack, John Turner, Wat Bailey, and George Skiper sold Nottoway land in 1769
\SOUTHAMPTON CO., VIRGINIA
AS A COURT FOR THE COUNTYOF SOUTHAMPTON THE TH DAY OF MARCH 1769.
INDENTURE OF MEMORENDUM .... PROVED BY THE ..... OF BENJAMIN CLEMENTS,
BENJAMIN RUFFIN AND CHARLES SIMMONS WHEREFORE HERETO
AND ORDERED BY THE
TASS R/ KELL..., CCB
THIS INDENDURE IMPARTITE MADE THE FIRS DAY OF JANUARY, IN
THE OF OUR LORD,
..... ... .. . . . .
BETWEEN SAM, FRANK, DOCTOR TIM, JOHN ...., GEO. SCIPER, (SIC)
.... AND WATT BAILEY, CHIEFTEN OF THE NOTTOWAY INDIANS OF THE
FIRST PART JOHN SIMMONS OF SOUTHAMPTON COUNTY, THOMAS, ... AND
EDWARDS OF THE COUNTY, .... .. .. . . . ... . . . .. SECOND
PART AND BENJAMIN ....., OF THE COUNTY OF SOUTHAMPTON OF THE
WHEREAS BY ONE ACT OF THE GENREAL ASSEMBLY ORDER
AT A ...... ....... HELD AT WILLIAMSBURG
IN THE EIGHTH YEAR
OF THE REIGN OF OUR LORD GEORGE THE SECOND KING OF GREAT
BRITIAN INTITLED AN ACT TO ENABLE THE
NOTTOWAY INDIANS TO
SELL CERTAIN LAND THERERIN MENTIONED FOR DISCHARGING (?)
INDIAN INTREPRETER IT IS AMONG OTHER THINGS .....
THAT THE CHIEFMEN OF THE NOTTOWAY NATIONS ARE IMPOWERED
SALE OF ALL OR ANY PART OF A CERTAIN ..........
OF LAND TO SIX MILES DIAMETER LYING AND
BEING ON THE NORTH
SIDE OF NOTTOWAY RIVER
IN THE COUNTY OF ...... BY AND
WITH THE CONSENT OF SAID JOHN SIMMONS THAT ........
BENJAMAIN EDWARDS WHO ARE BY THE
SAID ACT APPOINTED .....
ERS TO SEE THE SAID ACT DULY EXCUTED AND AFTER.... AGREEMENT
MADE FOR THE .... OF ANY PART
OF THE SAID LAND ... ... ....
DO NOT EXCEED FOUR HUNDRED (?) ACRES TO ANY ONE PERSON ... .. . .. .
MAY BE LAWFULL
FOR THE SIAD CHIEF MEN TOGETHER WITH THE .....
TRUSTEES AFORESAID OR THE SUVIVOR OR SUVIVORS OF THEM TO .....
DELIVER A ....MENT TO THE PURCHASOR WHO IMMEDIATELY AFTER
TEH EXECUTION WEHERE OF SHALL PAY UPON TO THE CHIEF MEN ....
..... .... ...... TO THE ... .. . . .......... ...,
....... ..... .......
THOMAS ......, LS FRANK ........., LS
BENJ. EDWARDS, LS SAM'L ........., LS
HIS X MARK
WILLIAM ANDREWS JOHN .........., LS
B... RUFFIN HIS X MARK
. . .... GEORGE SKIPPER, LS
HIS X MARK
JACK ........., LS
HIS X MARK
........ ....., LS
Affinities of the Nottoway Language
Devil (wicked spirit)
Husband (one who is married)
Wife (I go with it, her)
Daughter (she, herself)
Signe and Tribe
||King of the Nottowayes|
of the Indian representatives
who witnessed the signing of the treaty
Please feel free to Contribute or Correct any misinformation i may have
This message has been posted already to the Quick and Skipper mailing lists
and to the Richmond-Scotland County discussion group. I think it is an
important enough development to merit distribution on this list as well. I
am also sending a transcribed document, given to me by Verna Quick which
relates to this matter and solidifies even further this remote
Skipper-Quick connection. I am so impressed that the Skippers of early
Richmond (Anson) County can be traced to a refugee and former headman from
the Nottoway Indian tribe of Southampton Co., VA. William Byrd, in his
History of the Dividing Line, mentions visiting a Nottoway Indian village
in the very last days of their existence as a coherent tribe (late 1720's.)
A digest of that encounter is given in Douglas Right's, THE AMERICAN INDIAN
IN NORTH CAROLINA (91-2.)
"The name of this latter tribe (the Nottoway) signified "snakes" or
"enemies" in their language (that of the Meherrin), and the name applied to
them by the coastal tribes, Mangoac, was the general name for the Iroquois,
meaning "stealthy ones," frequently written Mingo.
"A runner was dispatched to the Nottoway Town, on the river of that name,
to announce the visit of the surveyors. The women of the village had been
posted on a hill to watch for the visitors, and greeted them with
vociferous whoops. At this signal the chief men of the place came out and
escorted the party into the fort, a palisade about ten feet high, leaning
outwards slightly to make scaling difficult. Each side of the square was
about one hundred feet long; loopholes were set at intervals. Within the
enclosure were huts made of saplings covered with bark. Furniture
consisted of frames covered with mats or deer skins.
"The young men, who had painted themselves in hideous manner, entertained
with war dances. Music was furnished for the dancing by means of an Indian
drum fashioned out of a gourd with a skin stretched across the mouth. The
women were dressed in red and blue coats made of cloth bought from traders,
and their hair was beaded with white and blue shell beads. However, the
charm of their attire was nullified because "the whole Winter's dirt was so
crusted on their Skins, that it requir'd a strong appetite to accost them.'
Firearms were in general use, only the small boys handling bows and
arrows. The population of the town was about two hundred, and they were
said to be the only Indians of any consequence then living in Virginia.
Their rapid decline was attributed chiefly to disease and rum.
"...The Indians provided corn for the surveyors' horses and received in
turn what rum was left over from the night's sojourn. The exchange was
evidently satisfactory to the Nottoway, as we are told that they loved rum
'better than they do their wives and children.' Baskets made of silk grass
were offered by the women and such offerings being looked upon with
suspicion by their visitors, who regarded and Indian present as 'a
liberality put out to Interest, and a bribe placed to the greatest
advantage.' At the departure of the guests, the braves of the village
fired a salute in their honor."
George Skipper was probably a grown man at the time this visit would have
taken place. His supposed son Barnabus is now believed to have been the
father of Elizabeth Quick and ancestor to many Quicks in Marlboro County.
When I think of the Quick stories about my great grandfather Moses, and the
quantities of brandy and whiskey appearing in the estate sales of Burwell
and Solomon Quick, I realize that alcohol consumption and abuse among mixed
race individuals probably has a long history, stretching back to the days
when white traders began selling rum and firearms to Indians for hides.
Then, too, the violent streak noted in many of these families may take its
origins in Native American resentment toward a larger alien culture
crowding out its own and driving all before it--not to mention the
traditional importance of warfare in Amerindian culture even before white
contact. Somehow, it helps to know that two basically negative traits I
have noticed in twentieth century relatives has a historical context.
William Byrd II account of the Nottoways
The Iroquois, National Traits of Character
Captive's Life Among Indians
Creation Origin of the Continent, the Animal, and of the Indian
Nottoway County was first inhabited by native
American Indians of the Iroquoian nation tribe called Nadowa. The Nadowa lived along the County’s only river and the
name of their tribe became associated with the area they inhabited. This name was Anglicized with the coming of English settlers
IROQUOIAN INDIAN FAMILY HISTORY
: The case of anthropologists and Virginia Indians
In the western part of the county, now Southampton county, there was another tribe, called the Nottoways, who were identified
with our earliest history. They were intimately connected with the white settlers, and for more than one hundred years lived
on their own lands, bartered the products of their hunting and fishing with the white people for guns, blankets, etc., sold
to them their lands, and, except for their fondness for rum, seem to have been a peaceful and well disposed people, more sinned
against than sinning. For in 1752 the General Assembly of Virginia passed an act declaring "that if any person or persons
shall hereafter, under any pretense whatever, take from the Indians any of their guns, blankets or other apparel, such persons
so offending shall pay to the Indian or Indians so injured the sum of twenty shillings for every such offense; and if the
offender be a slave, he shall receive, for such offense, on his or her naked back, twenty-five lashes, well laid on."
But generally the Indians were treated with the greatest kindness until the time of the great Indian massacre, in 1622, for
the colonists were thoroughly imbued with idea of converting them to Christianity.
Instructions to such as shall march upon Discoveries
Being arrived at a town, enter no house until you are invited; and then seem not afraid to be led in pinion'd like a prisoner:
for that is a ceremony they use to friends and enemies without distinction.
You must accept of an invitation from the seniors, before that of the young men; and refuse nothing that is offered or
set before you: for they are very jealous, and sensible of the least slighting or neglect from strangers, and mindful of revenge
These remnants were the amalgamation of some of the numerous tribes that had roamed the forests of Virginia.
The Nottoway, strong during the first settlement period and greatly outnumbering the Powhatan
in the provincial census of 1669, were by 1820 reduced to 27 persons, of whom only three spoke the tribal language. The Meherrin,
the other Virginia tribe of Iroquoian stock, equaled in
number the Pamunkey-originally the strongest tribe of the Powhatan confederacy--in 1699, after which they rapidly vanished.
The Nansemon (tribe of the Powhatan confederacy, composed of some 300 warriors in 1622, had dwindled to 45 men by 1669. In
1744 they joined the Nottoway. Today, in Virginia,
there are several groups and scattered families of Indian descent, comprising 779 persons. The State recognizes three tribes:
the Pamunkey, the Mattaponi, and the Chickahominy.
Nottaway. Meaning "adders," in the language
of their Algonquia neighbors, a common designation for alien tribes by peoples of
that linguistic stock.
belonged to the Iroquoian linguistic family, their closest connections probably being the Meherrin, Tuscarora, and Susquchanna.
There Location was n the river of the same name in southeastern Virginia.
gave them the name Mingwe. The northern and western Algonquians called them Nadowa, 'adders'. The Powhatan called them Massawomekes.
The English knew them as the Confederation of the Five Nations, and after the admission of the Tuscarora in 1722, as the Six
Nations. Moreover, the names Maqua, Mohawk, Seneca, and Tsonnontowan, by which their leading tribes were called, were also
applied to them collectively. The League of the Iroquois, when first known to Europeans, was composed of the five tribes,
and occupied the territory extending from the East watershed of Lake Champlain to the west watershed of Genesee river, and
from the Adirondacks southward to the territory of the Conestoga. The date of the formation
of the league is not certain, but there is evidence that it took place about 1570, occasioned by wars with Algonquian and
Huron tribes. The confederated Iroquois immediately began to make their united power felt. After the coming of the Dutch,
from whom they procured firearms, they were able to extend their conquests over all the neighboring tribes until their dominion
was acknowledged from Ottawa river to the Tennessee and from the Kennebec to Illinois
rivers and Lake Michigan. Their westward advance was checked by the Chippewa; the Cherokee
and the Catawba proved an effectual barrier in the south, while in the north they were hampered by the operations of the French
in Canada. Champlain on one of his early
expeditions joined a party of Canadian Indians against the Iroquois. This made them bitter enemies of the French, whom they
afterward opposed at every step to the close of the French regime in Canada
in 1763, while they were firm allies of the English. The French made several attempts through their missionaries to win over
the Iroquois, and were so far successful that a considerable number of individuals from the different tribes, most of them
Mohawk and Onondaga, withdrew from the several tribes and formed Catholic settlements at Caughnawaga, St Regis, and Oka, on
the. St Lawrence. The tribes of the league repeatedly tried, but, without success, to induce them to return, and finally,
in 1684, declared them to be traitors.
In 1714, Ouracoorass Teerheer of the Nottoway signed another treaty, this one between only one tribe and the crown. The treaty
promised the tribe a protected reservation in exchange for a yearly tribute, the learning of Christianity and a warning of
any other tribe's planned attacks on white settlers.
They were given two pieces of land, one described as a circle with
a radius of three miles, on the north side of the Nottoway River. The other parcel was a square, six miles on every side, south of the river. Here
the Nottoway retreated, and here they found the going rough.
Today, the river water is
as much as 20 feet deep in some particularly good fishing spots. The remnants of an Indian fish weir are still there, largely
hidden below the surface.
The cypress trees that line the river banks are estimated at 1,000 years old, far older than
Governor Spotswood, hoping to put an end to the warfare between
the Iroquois and the southern tribes, in 1722 promoted the Albany (N.Y.) Conference, at which a peace treaty was signed by
the Five Nations of the Iroquois and their allies, the Tuscarora, Shawnee, and others on the one hand, and by Virginia
and its tributary Indians on the other. Thus the long war ended and peace finally came in Virginia to 'the Nottoways, Meherrins, Nansemonds, Pamunkeys, Chichominys, and the Christanna
Indians'-called 'Todirich-roones' by the Iroquois
Patriot Chiefs and Loyal Braves; S. Pony Hill
North and South Carolina border became a favored haunt as early as the 1730’s. In addition to
the Saponi “retired out of Virginia to the Cattawbas” a band of Cheraw brokered
a deal with Welsh Baptist settlers from Delaware for land in present- day Marlboro County.
large group of Nottoway, numbering about 300, was reported on “the northern frontiers of South Carolina between 1748 and 1754.”
Between 1734 and 1756 the Nottoway had been so reduced by "the want
of the common necessaries of life, sickness, and other casualties" that the Virginia Legislature allowed them to sell a total
of 18,000 acres of their land in Southampton County They used land sales and leases to support themselves.
George Skiper, born say 1720 , "One of the Chief men of the Nottoway Indian Nation"
On February 1, 1749/50,
purchased 200 acres in Anson
County, North Carolina, on the north side of the Pee Dee River
On February 2, 1749 , sold his land in Southampton County, Virginia
The principal members of the Nottoway and Nansemond living
in present-day Southampton County in 1750 were: Sam, Frank, Jack Will, John Turner, Wat Bailey, and George Skiper
In 1757, the Virginia governor at Williamsburg
received a delegation of Indians including "King Blunt and the thirty-three Tuscaroras, seven Meherrins, two Saponies and
Barnabus and his family to move into South Carolina. In
March and October of 1793,
Barnabus sold his 1500 acres of land on
Solomon's and Mark's Creek and in 1800, he along with JOhn and Silas
appear in Marlboro County,
Bishop Gregg's HISTORY OF THE OLD CHERAWS reveals an unexpected fact
the Skippers. Describing the Revolutionary conflict between
Tories and Patriots--the desperate and bloody partisan warfare
gripped the Carolina backcountry-- he says:
"On the eastern side of the river (the Pee Dee,) near the dividing
between Richmond County, and what is now Marlborough District, lived two
young men, named Skipper, of mixed blood,
but peaceable and inoffensive.
They had taken parol, however, and for no other offence, were seized by the
both sides of the line and hung. Such a course was well
calculated to excite a feeling of bloody retaliation and thus
These have to be representatives of the group of Skippers I was talking
fact, I think it may have been George, Jr. and Samuel who were
hung. Samuel is known only through a single land grant
George is only suggested by the 1763 tax list. Neither appear in later
records. From this and other
statements in Gregg's book, it would appear
that many of the "Redbones" or peoples of mixed blood of the Pee Dee basin
including the Skippers and some of the Brigmans and others, took up the
Loyalist cause during the Revolution. Perhaps
they did so because they
bore grudges against white patriot neighbors who looked down on them and
them. The Skipper boys took a parole and agreed not
to continue their fighting, and Gregg suggested that they were killed
because of their race than because of their history as Tories. Their
deaths became a cause celebre among other
mixed race peoples and Tories
generally and excited another bloody wave of recrimination.